Involvement of Golgin-160 in Cell Surface Transport of Renal ROMK Channel: Co-expression of Golgin-160 Increases ROMK Currents
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
The weak inward rectifier potassium channel ROMK is important for water and salt reabsorption in the kidney. Here we identified Golgin-160 as a novel interacting partner of the ROMK channel. By using yeast two-hybrid assays and co-immunoprecipitations from transfected cells, we demonstrate that Golgin-160 associates with the ROMK C-terminus. Immunofluorescence microscopy confirmed that both proteins are co-localized in the Golgi region. The interaction was further confirmed by the enhancement
... y the enhancement of ROMK currents by the co-expressed Golgin-160 in Xenopus oocytes. The increase in ROMK current amplitude was due to an increase in cell surface density of ROMK protein. Golgin-160 also stimulated current amplitudes of the related Kir2.1, and of voltage-gated Kv1.5 and Kv4.3 channels, but not the current amplitude of co-expressed HERG channel. These results demonstrate that the Golgi-associated Golgin-160 recognizes the cytoplasmic C-terminus of ROMK, thereby facilitating the transport of ROMK to the cell surface. However, the stimulatory effect on the activity of more distantly-related potassium channels suggests a more general role of Golgin-160 in the trafficking of plasma membrane proteins.