Effectiviness and safety of antidepresants in bipolar depression

T. Jupe, B. Zenelaj
2022 European psychiatry  
Introduction Depressive episodes are associated with higher morbidity, mortality (mostly suicidality. Despite the high prevalence and the devastating impact of this condition, there is a long‐standing debate about its treatment, particularly about the use of antidepressants. International guidelines and expert consensus recommend to avoid AD for bipolar depression, or to use AD with caution and as second line treatment only if the depressive episode shows poor response to mood stabilizers (MS)
more » ... nd to some second generation antipsychotics (SGA) (cariprazine, lurasidone, quetiapine and olanzapine combined with fluoxetine) in monotherapy and in combination. Contrary to the advice of guidelines and experts, 50%–80% of acute bipolar depressive episodes are treated with AD in everyday clinical practice. Objectives To evaluate the effectiveness and the safety of AD acute treatment in patients with bipolar depression Methods Literature review (PubMed) Results Short‐term safety, switching and suicidality did not differ significantly, and no suicide attempt was observed. Concerning long‐term safety, patients with bipolar depression had a significant reduction of depressive and total recurrences during the first year. Conclusions Acute AD treatment of bipolar depression is effective in the short term and safe in the short‐ and long‐term Disclosure No significant relationships.
doi:10.1192/j.eurpsy.2022.1851 fatcat:osuo5zycyfav3l6svaykxucwp4