Encoding specificity revisited: The role of semantics

Brenda Hannon, Fergus I. M. Craik
2001 Canadian journal of experimental psychology  
Three experiments examined the effects of semantic characteristics of word pairs on memory using the encoding specificity paradigm. The paradigm involved four phases: (a) an encoding phase to relate cues and targets, (b) a phase in which words were generated to new cues, (c) a phase for recognition of generated targets, and (d) a cued-recall phase using the original encoding cues. Encoding pairs were classified a priori as either semantically similar (e.g., alluring-PRETTY), semantically
more » ... semantically contrasting (e.g., drab-PRE77T), or semantically unrelated (e.g., sore-PRETTY).
doi:10.1037/h0087369 fatcat:xv2a64655jafzkdnal4ikpm754