Low-Complexity DCD-Based Sparse Recovery Algorithms
Sparse recovery techniques find applications in many areas. Real-time implementation of such techniques has been recently an important area for research. In this paper, we propose computationally efficient techniques based on dichotomous coordinate descent (DCD) iterations for recovery of sparse complex-valued signals. We first consider ℓ2ℓ1 optimization that can incorporate a priori information on the solution in the form of a weight vector. We propose a DCD-based algorithm for ℓ2ℓ1
... for ℓ2ℓ1 optimization with a fixed ℓ1-regularization, and then efficiently incorporate it in reweighting iterations using a warm start at each iteration. We then exploit homotopy by sampling the regularization parameter and arrive at an algorithm that, in each homotopy iteration, performs the ℓ2ℓ1 optimization on the current support with a fixed regularization parameter and then updates the support by adding/removing elements. We propose efficient rules for adding and removing the elements. The performance of the homotopy algorithm is further improved with the reweighting. We then propose an algorithm for ℓ2ℓ0 optimization that exploits homotopy for the ℓ0 regularization; it alternates between the least-squares (LS) optimization on the support and the support update, for which we also propose an efficient rule. The algorithm complexity is reduced when DCD iterations with a warm start are used for the LS optimization, and, as most of the DCD operations are additions and bit-shifts, it is especially suited to real time implementation. The proposed algorithms are investigated in channel estimation scenarios and compared with known sparse recovery techniques such as the matching pursuit (MP) and YALL1 algorithms. The numerical examples show that the proposed techniques achieve a meansquared error smaller than that of the YALL1 algorithm and complexity comparable to that of the MP algorithm.