Multichannel Bin-Wise Robust Frequency-Domain Adaptive Filtering and Its Application to Adaptive Beamforming

Wolfgang Herbordt, Herbert Buchner, Satoshi Nakamura, Walter Kellermann
2007 IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing  
Least-squares error (LSE) or mean-squared error (MSE) optimization criteria lead to adaptive filters that are highly sensitive to impulsive noise. The sensitivity to noise bursts increases with the convergence speed of the adaptation algorithm and limits the performance of signal processing algorithms, especially when fast convergence is required, as for example, in adaptive beamforming for speech and audio signal acquisition or acoustic echo cancellation. In these applications, noise bursts
more » ... frequently due to undetected double-talk. In this paper, we present impulsive noise robust multichannel frequency-domain adaptive filters (MC-FDAFs) based on outlier-robust -estimation using a Newton algorithm and a discrete Newton algorithm, which are especially designed for frequency bin-wise adaptation control. Bin-wise adaptation and control in the frequency-domain enables the application of the outlier-robust MC-FDAFs to a generalized sidelobe canceler (GSC) using an adaptive blocking matrix for speech and audio signal acquisition. It is shown that the improved robustness leads to faster convergence and to higher interference suppression relative to nonrobust adaptation algorithms, especially during periods of strong interference.
doi:10.1109/tasl.2007.894530 fatcat:os7d7u74hngcbaa4tf6hsjmgu4