A Novel Algorithm with Multiple Consumer Demand Response Priorities in Residential Unbalanced LV Electricity Distribution Networks
Demand Side Management (DSM) is becoming necessary in residential electricity distribution networks where local electricity trading is implemented. Amongst the DSM tools, Demand Response (DR) is used to engage the consumers in the market by voluntary disconnection of high consumption receptors at peak demand hours. As a part of the transition to Smart Grids, there is a high interest in DR applications for residential consumers connected in intelligent grids which allow remote controlling of
... controlling of receptors by electricity distribution system operators and Home Energy Management Systems (HEMS) at consumer homes. This paper proposes a novel algorithm for multi-objective DR optimization in low voltage distribution networks with unbalanced loads, that takes into account individual consumer comfort settings and several technical objectives for the network operator. Phase load balancing, two approaches for minimum comfort disturbance of consumers and two alternatives for network loss reduction are proposed as objectives for DR. An original and faster method of replacing load flow calculations in the evaluation of the feasible solutions is proposed. A case study demonstrates the capabilities of the algorithm.