Dietary diversity score is related to obesity and abdominal adiposity among Iranian female youth

Leila Azadbakht, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
2010 Public Health Nutrition  
Objective: To assess the relationship between diet and disease, consideration of whole-diet indices may be more informative than single-nutrient intake. The present study was conducted to report the relationship among dietary diversity score (DDS), obesity and abdominal adiposity among female university students. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Isfahan, Iran. Subjects: A representative sample of 289 healthy female students aged 18-28 years was selected randomly from Isfahan University
more » ... Medical Sciences, Iran. Usual dietary intake was assessed using a validated semi-quantitative FFQ. DDS was calculated according to the scoring of the five food groups based on the US Department of Agriculture Food Guide Pyramid. This is a score of diet variety, and shows the diversity of the consumed diet. Participants were categorised on the basis of quartile cut-off points of DDS. Potential confounders such as age, total energy intake and physical activity were considered in all the analyses. Results: The means (SD) of BMI and waist circumference were 25?9 (SD 5?1) kg/m 2 and 85?5 (SD 14) cm, respectively. The probability of obesity decreased with quartiles of DDS (OR among quartiles: 1?00, 0?41, 0?31 and 0?21, P 5 0?03; this was the same for abdominal adiposity: 1?00, 0?55, 0?36 and 0?21, P 5 0?02). Those in the lowest quartile of the DDS had the highest risk for being overweight. Conclusions: There were inverse associations among DDS, obesity and abdominal adiposity among the female students of Isfahan University. Further prospective investigations are needed to confirm this finding.
doi:10.1017/s1368980010000522 pmid:20353617 fatcat:v7ssgso7jzgr7lplfnctnctzfe