The Effect of Menisci on Kinetic Analysis of Evaporation for Molten Alkali Metal Salts (CsNO3, CsCl, LiCl, and NaCl) in Small Cylindrical Containers

In-Hwan Yang, Hee-Chul Yang, Hyung-Ju Kim
2018 Journal of Chemistry  
Using isothermal thermogravimetric data of alkali metal salts (CsNO3, CsCl, LiCl, and NaCl), we conducted kinetic analysis on atmospheric evaporation to investigate the effect of meniscus on determining the condensation coefficient. In the process of evaporation into an atmospheric gas, molten salt decomposed at the interface between molten salt and an atmospheric gas reacts with chemical compositions of the atmospheric gas to be an equilibrium state. In this atmospheric evaporation, the
more » ... oration, the interface shape of molten salts is affected by the container diameter and the contact angle at the container wall. In the analysis results, the formed concave/convex meniscus led to underestimating the condensation coefficient of molten salts. However, whether the values of the condensation coefficient of molten salts were affected by menisci, the range of the predicted values was still low from 10−3 to 10−5. This result means that the presence of the foreign gas (air and Ar) is a dominant parameter in determining the condensation coefficient of atmospheric evaporation.
doi:10.1155/2018/1764132 fatcat:lfd7fig7fvggdjyx5drooypxtq