Extracellular DNA of slow growers of mycobacteria and its contribution to biofilm formation and drug tolerance [post]

Aleksandr Ilinov, Akihito Nishiyama, Hiroki Namba, Yukari Fukushima, Hayato Takihara, Chie Nakajima, Anna Savitskaya, Amina Kaboso, Yuri Vinnik, Gebremichal Gebretsadik, Mariko Hakamata, Yuriko Ozeki (+4 others)
2020 unpublished
DNA is basically an intracellular molecule that stores genetic information and carries instructions for growth and reproduction in all cellular organisms. However, in some bacteria, DNA has additional roles on the outside as an extracellular DNA (eDNA), an essential component for the formation of antibiotic tolerance bacteria in biofilm. Mycobacteria include life-threating human pathogens, most of which are slow growers. However, little is known about the nature of pathogenic mycobacteria's
more » ... mycobacteria's eDNA. Here we found that eDNA is present in slow growers of mycobacterial pathogens, such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, M. intracellulare, and M. avium at exponential growth phase. In contrast, eDNA is little in all tested rapid growers of mycobacteria. The physiological impact of disrupted eDNA on slow growers of mycobacteria include reduced formation of pellicle, a floating biofilm, and enhanced susceptibility to isoniazid and amikacin. Isolation and sequencing of eDNA revealed that it is identical to the genomic DNA in M. tuberculosis and M. intracellulare. In contrast, accumulation of phage DNA in eDNA of M. avium, suggests that the DNA released differs among mycobacterial species. Our data show important functions of eDNA for biofilm formation and drug tolerance in slow growers of mycobacteria.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-109528/v1 fatcat:cdfeqjj34bgv7pgybkaunhe2qa