Growth, distribution and physiochemical properties of wax apple (Syzygium samarangense): A Review

Mohammad Moneruzzaman Khandaker, Amru Nasrulhaq Boyce
2016 Australian Journal of Crop Science  
There is increasing concern about the fruit growth, development and quality of wax apple (Syzygium samarangense), a widely cultivated fruit tree in South East Asia. The growth and development of this fruit is sometimes very low due to low photosynthates supply at early growth stages. Growth regulators, hydrogen peroxide and phloemic stress are important tools to improve the growth, development and quality of horticultural products. The extracts of wax fruits, flower and bark have potent free
more » ... have potent free radical scavenging, antioxidation, antimutation and anticancer activities. The leaves of wax apple used as tea and is proposed as a possible supplement for type II diabetes patients. Wax apple studied for its numerous pharmacological properties such as antioxidant and antidiabetic properties, anti-inflammation and antinociceptive activity, wound healing activity, antiulcerogenic effect, antibacterial, anticancer and also it's potential as an uterotonic agent. From this review, it can be concluded that GA 3 , NAA, 2,4-D, H 2 O 2 and girdling have significant effect on fruit growth, development and yield improvement. Fruit pigmentations and anthocyanin content also significantly by using these growth promoting chemicals and girdling technique. This review paper provide detail information about wax apple fruit growth and development, origin, ecology, fruit morphology and variety, commercial usage, quality improvement and its medicinal benefits.
doi:10.21475/ajcs.2016.10.12.pne306 fatcat:dedoz6nxp5cnrjwuw5cxxi567m