Lithogeochemistry and 3D geological modeling of the apatite-bearing Mesquita Sampaio beforsite, Jacupiranga alkaline complex, Brazil

Saulo Batista de Oliveira, Lilia Mascarenhas Sant'Agostino
2020 Brazilian Journal of Geology  
The Mesquita Sampaio beforsite is a mineral exploration area with apatite mineralization occurring near the northern portion of the Morro da Mina apatite deposit (Cajati Mine), in the Jacupiranga Alkaline Complex. This study presents the mineralogical, geochemical and 3D geological modeling data of this target. Four lithotypes are presented for Mesquita Sampaio: the fine-grained beforsite (FGB), the coarse-grained beforsite (CGB), the xenolith zone (XEN), and the jacupirangite ( JAC). The 3D
more » ... e ( JAC). The 3D geological model shows the Mesquita Sampaio beforsite as a vertical body with an NNW direction and approximately 350 meters in length, 150 meters in width, and 400 meters of depth, with open extensions. The main mineral assemblage of the beforsite is dolomite, apatite, phlogopite, serpentine, calcite, and magnetite, in order of abundance. The distribution of major elements for both types of beforsites (FGB and CGB) indicates the same composition with only a small variation in the mineral proportions. Although no direct contact relation between Mesquita Sampaio and Morro da Mina is known, both may be the same carbonatite body with a gradual compositional variation, or the Mesquita Sampaio beforsite could be a distinct late or even earlier carbonatite pipe.
doi:10.1590/2317-4889202020190071 fatcat:xv2owire4fgibgocgsd627eumi