Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is associated with the development of obstructive sleep apnea

Goh Eun Chung, Eun Ju Cho, Jeong-Ju Yoo, Young Chang, Yuri Cho, Sang-Hyun Park, Dong Wook Shin, Kyungdo Han, Su Jong Yu
2021 Scientific Reports  
AbstractIncreasing evidence suggests that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a metabolic syndrome-related disease; however, the association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and OSA is not firmly established. In this study, we investigated the relationship between NAFLD and OSA in a general population drawn from a nationwide population-based cohort. Data from the Korean National Health Insurance System between January 2009 and December 2009 were analyzed using Cox proportional
more » ... ds model. NAFLD was defined as a fatty liver index (FLI) ≥ 60 in patients without excessive alcohol consumption (who were excluded from the study). Newly diagnosed OSA during follow-up was identified using claims data. Among the 8,116,524 participants, 22.6% had an FLI score of 30–60 and 11.5% had an FLI ≥ 60. During median follow-up of 6.3 years, 45,143 cases of incident OSA occurred. In multivariable analysis, the risk of OSA was significantly higher in the higher FLI groups (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 1.15, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.12–1.18 for FLI 30–60 and aHR 1.21, 95% CI 1.17–1.26 for FLI ≥ 60). These findings were consistent regardless of body mass index and presence of abdominal obesity. In conclusion, a high FLI score may help identify individuals with a high risk of OSA. Understanding the association between NAFLD and OSA may have clinical implications for risk-stratification of individuals with NAFLD.
doi:10.1038/s41598-021-92703-0 pmid:34188101 fatcat:jakqlow5xfavngsoefrb2pimbm