The Role of Trust in Proactive Conversational Assistants

Matthias Kraus, Nicolas Wagner, Zoraida Callejas, Wolfgang Minker
2021 IEEE Access  
Humans and machines harmoniously collaborating and benefiting from each other is a long lasting dream for researchers in robotics and artificial intelligence. An important feature of efficient and rewarding cooperation is the ability to assume possible problematic situations and act in advance to prevent negative outcomes. This concept of assistance is known under the term proactivity. In this article, we investigate the development and implementation of proactive dialogues for fostering a
more » ... worthy human-computer relationship and providing adequate and timely assistance. Here, we make several contributions. A formalisation of proactive dialogue in conversational assistants is provided. The formalisation forms a framework for integrating proactive dialogue in conversational applications. Additionally, we present a study showing the relations between proactive dialogue actions and several aspects of the perceived trustworthiness of a system as well as effects on the user experience. The results of the experiments provide significant contributions to the line of proactive dialogue research. Particularly, we provide insights on the effects of proactive dialogue on the human-computer trust relationship and dependencies between proactive dialogue and user specific and situational characteristics. INDEX TERMS Human-computer-interaction, human-computer trust, proactivity, spoken dialogue system.
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3103893 fatcat:lyaf2zsqirghnbvda5j5s37tgu