Age-Specific Cutoffs of the Sysmex UF-1000i Automated Urine Analyzer for Rapid Screening of Urinary Tract Infections in Outpatients

Hyunji Kim, Hye Ryoun Kim, Tae-Hyoung Kim, Mi-Kyung Lee
2019 Annals of Laboratory Medicine  
We investigated the usefulness of age-specific cutoffs for screening of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in Korean outpatients, using the automated urine analyzer UF-1000i (Sysmex, Kobe, Japan). We retrospectively reviewed outpatient medical records. Urine samples of 7,443 outpatients from January 2010 to December 2017 were analyzed using urine culture and UF-1000i. ROC curves were calculated for each UF-1000i parameter based on the culture results. There were 1,398 culture positive samples,
more » ... sitive samples, 5,774 culture negative samples, and 271 contaminated samples. UF-1000i had an area under the curve of ≥ 0.9 in outpatients > 15 years. The appropriate cutoffs, which are the sum of bacterial (B-A-C) and white blood cell (WBC) counts, were 297.10/µL (15-24 years), 395.65/µL (25-44 years), 135.65/µL (45-64 years), 67.95/µL (65-74 years), and 96.5/µL ( ≥ 75 years). B-A-C and WBC counts differed among the three most frequently identified bacteria (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Enterococcus faecalis). The UF-1000i system is useful for applying age-specific cutoffs to screen for UTIs, thereby preventing antibiotic abuse and reducing antibiotic resistance. Future studies can explore how its B-A-C and WBC counts can facilitate selection of empirical antibiotics by distinguishing between gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
doi:10.3343/alm.2019.39.3.322 fatcat:s4ria2c4mzhlrgxvqofd3fl2mm