Drying of Lignite of Various Origins in a Pilot Scale Toroidal Fluidized Bed Dryer using Low Quality Heat

Halina Pawlak–Kruczek, Michał Czerep, Lukasz Niedzwiecki, Emmanouil Karampinis, Ioannis Violidakis, Ioannis Avagianos, Panagiotis Grammelis
2019 Energies  
An experimental study was carried out for lignites of different places of origin, i.e., Poland, Greece, Romania and Australia, using a toroidal bed dryer. The effect of the temperature on the drying efficiency, including the loss of moisture content over time under fixed drying conditions was the subject of the investigation. The main goal was to confirm the possibility of the use of a toroidal bed as a base for a drying system that could utilize low quality heat from sources such as flue gases
more » ... such as flue gases from a boiler and determine the optimum parameters for such a system. The conducted study has conclusively proven the feasibility of the use of low temperature heat sources for drying lignite in a toroidal bed. A moisture content of 20% could be achieved for most of the tested lignites, using the toroidal bed, with reasonably short residence times (approx. 30 min) and an air temperature as low as 60 °C. Moreover, the change of the particle size distribution, to some degree, affected the final moisture content due to the entrainment of wet, fine particles. The study also determined that the in-bed attrition of the particles is partially responsible for the generation of fines.
doi:10.3390/en12071191 fatcat:ks4am3ivvfdjxcshfyauukajom