CREATION OF "KULINDA" SCIENTIFIC AND TRAINING STATION AND PERSPECTIVES OF INVOLVEMENT OF THE REGIONAL PROTECTED NATURAL AREA INTO SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGION
Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Biologiâ, nauki o Zemle
One of the main principles of "green economy" is the organization of business activity in such a way as to enhance welfare of people and provide for social equity while considerably decreasing risks of the environmental degradation. The purpose of the article is to study possibilities and conditions of involvement of the regional protected natural area being created into social and economic development. "Kulinda" scientific and training station in the Chernyshevsky District of the Trans-Baikal
... f the Trans-Baikal Territory is being created for preservation and study of the unique location where Kulindadromeus zabaikalicus dinosaur fossils have been found. The station is referred to the new category of regional specially protected natural areas. The performed studies have confirmed the conservation value of the territory and necessity of specially protected natural area creation in the Chernyshevsky District of the Trans-Baikal Territory. The nearest rural settlement (village of Novoilinsk) is an area with an unfavorable socio-economic situation: low standard of living, unemployment, and annual outflow of population. Development of tourism on the basis of natural resources and areas of interest of the scientific and training station is viewed as a possibility to involve population of villages being abandoned into the economic activity. The article analyzes available opportunities and perspective directions of tourism for the object: geological (geotourism), academical (scientific), educational, agricultural (agrotourism), and ecological tourism. In addition, the article considers negative factors hindering the development of rural areas and the scientific and training station: lack of financing, poor transport accessibility, imperfection of service infrastructure, and seasonality of the scientific and training station activity. The author makes a conclusion that development of tourism in specially protected natural areas can become a growing point for economy of rural regions through the development of associated service industries and can contribute to the growth of educational activity of the population.