An experimental study on airborne landmine detection using a circular synthetic aperture radar
Many countries in the world are contaminated with landmines. Several thousand casualties occur every year. Although there are certain types of mines that can be detected from a safe stand-off position with tools, humanitarian demining is still mostly done by hand. As a new approach, an unmanned aerial system (UAS) equipped with a ground penetrating synthetic aperture radar (GPSAR) was developed, which is used to detect landmines, cluster munition, grenades, and improvised explosive devices
... losive devices (IEDs). The measurement system consists of a multicopter, a total station, an inertial measurement unit (IMU), and a frequency-modulated continuous-wave (FMCW) radar operating from 1 GHz to 4 GHz. The highly accurate localization of the measurement system and the full flexibility of the UAS are used to generate 3D-repeat-pass circular SAR images of buried antipersonnel landmines. In order to demonstrate the functionality of the system, 15 different dummy landmines were buried in a sandbox. The measurement results show the high potential of circular SAR for the detection of minimum metal mines. 11 out of 15 different test objects could be detected unambiguously with cm-level accuracy by examining depth profiles showing the amplitude of the targets response over the processing depth.