Regulation of ANP secretion by cardiac Na+/Ca2+ exchanger using a new controlled atrial model

Kyung Hwan Seul, Jeong Hee Han, Keum Yee Kang, Sung Zoo Kim, Suhn Hee Kim
2003 American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology  
Regulation of ANP secretion by cardiac Na ϩ /Ca 2ϩ exchanger using a new controlled atrial model. The myocardial interstitium is important in regulating cardiac function. Between the atrial lumen and the pericardial space are transmural pathways, and movement of interstitial fluid (ISF) through these pathways is one of the main driving forces regulating translocation of substances from the interstitium into the blood. To define how ISF translocation from the interstitial space into the luminal
more » ... pace is regulated by each component of atrial hemodynamics, we devised a new rabbit atrial model in which each physical parameter could be controlled independently. Using this system, we also defined the physiological role of the cardiac Na ϩ /Ca 2ϩ exchanger on secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) by depletion of extracellular Na ϩ ([Na ϩ ]o). Increases in stroke volume and atrial end-systolic volume increased ISF translocation and ANP secretion. However, an increase in atrial rate did not influence ISF translocation but, rather, increased ANP secretion. Gradual depletion of [Na ϩ ]o caused gradual increases in ANP secretion and intracellular Ca 2ϩ ([Ca 2ϩ ]i), which were blocked in the presence of Ca 2ϩ -free buffer and Ni 2ϩ , but not in the presence of KB-R7943, diltiazem, mibefradil, caffeine, or monensin. Amiloride and its analog blocked an increase in ANP secretion but not an increase in [Ca 2ϩ ]i by [Na ϩ ]o depletion. Therefore, we suggest that ANP secretion and ISF translocation may be differently controlled by each physical factor. These results also suggest that the increase in ANP secretion in response to [Na ϩ ]o depletion may involve inhibition of Na ϩ /Ca 2ϩ and Na ϩ /H ϩ exchangers but not an increase in [Ca 2ϩ ]i. sodium-hydrogen exchanger; interstitial fluid; translocation; atrium; sodium; calcium THE MYOCARDIAL INTERSTITIUM plays an important role in the regulation of cardiac function. In the intermediate space, nutrients, bioactive substances, and metabolites are exchanged between cardiac myocytes and the bloodstream. Fluid exchange between the interstitial
doi:10.1152/ajpregu.00408.2002 pmid:12388435 fatcat:x4bb34pyx5avjplnvubmvmb5em