Psychosocial factors in post-partum parents in India
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health
Post-partum period brings along with it a lot of changes and responsibilities. Fatigue, Stress, Depression and Bonding are some of the factors which have shown to affect the parents during this period. Present study assesses the psychosocial factors in post-partum parents and differences observed amongst them. The effect of other factors like the type of delivery of the youngest child, the working status of the mother and the type of family they reside in were also assessed. Methods: 128 pair
... Methods: 128 pair of parents (64 mothers & 64 fathers) were interviewed using a Case Report Form after procuring their informed consent. The various psychosocial domains were evaluated using Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue (MAF) Scale, Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EDPS) and the Post-Partum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ). For each participant, the total score (factorial total score in case of PBQ) in each scale was calculated and analysed. Results: On comparing the various psychosocial factors, fatigue (p-value 0.020), stress (p-value 0.034) and depression (p-value 0.005) levels were found to be significantly higher in mother as compared to fathers. Primiparous mothers had significantly high levels of stress (p-value 0.021) and depression (p-value 0.015) in comparison to primiparous fathers. Also, mothers who underwent C-section showed a significant difference (p-value 0.023) towards their tendency of incipient abuse towards the child as compared to the other groups. Conclusions: The present study reveals that the bonding of mothers and fathers with their children is equal. However, the mothers are observed to be more fatigued, stressed and depressed as compared to fathers.