SDSS/SEGUE SPECTRAL FEATURE ANALYSIS FOR STELLAR ATMOSPHERIC PARAMETER ESTIMATION
Large-scale and deep sky survey missions are rapidly collecting a large amount of stellar spectra, which necessitate the estimation of atmospheric parameters directly from spectra and makes it feasible to statistically investigate latent principles in a large dataset. We present a technique for estimating parameters T_eff, log g and [Fe/H] from stellar spectra. With this technique, we first extract features from stellar spectra using the LASSO algorithm; then, the parameters are estimated from
... he extracted features using the SVR. On a subsample of 20 000 stellar spectra from SDSS with reference parameters provided by SDSS/SEGUE Pipeline SSPP, estimation consistency are 0.007458 dex for log T_eff (101.609921 K for T_eff), 0.189557 dex for log g and 0.182060 for [Fe/H], where the consistency is evaluated by mean absolute error. Prominent characteristics of the proposed scheme are sparseness, locality, and physical interpretability. In this work, every spectrum consists of 3821 fluxes, and 10, 19, and 14 typical wavelength positions are detected respectively for estimating T_eff, log g and [Fe/H]. It is shown that the positions are related to typical lines of stellar spectra. This characteristic is important in investigating physical indications from analysis results. Then, stellar spectra can be described by the individual fluxes on the detected positions (PD) or local integration of fluxes near them (LI). The abovementioned consistency is the result based on features described by LI. If features are described by PD, consistency are 0.009092 dex for log T_eff (124.545075 K for T_eff), 0.198928 dex for log g, and 0.206814 dex for [Fe/H].