Metabolomic Profiling of the White, Violet, and Red Flowers of Rhododendron schlippenbachii Maxim

Chang Park, Hyeon Yeo, Nam Kim, Ye Park, Soo-Yun Park, Jae Kim, Sang Park
2018 Molecules  
Rhododendron schlippenbachii Maxim. is a garden plant that is also used for natural medicines as a consequence of the biological activities of its diverse metabolites. We accordingly profiled two anthocyanins and 40 primary and secondary metabolites in the three different colored flowers. The major anthocyanins found in the flowers were cyanidins. The red flowers exhibited the highest accumulation of anthocyanins (1.02 ± 0.02 mg/g dry weight). Principal component analysis was applied to the
more » ... applied to the GC-TOFMS data. The levels of key tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates in red flowers, such as succinic acid, fumaric acid, and malic acid, were found to be highly significantly different (p < 0.0001) from those in the flowers of other colors. In this study, we aimed to determine metabolite interactions and phenotypic variation among white, violet, and red flowers of R. schlippenbachii by using gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOFMS) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).
doi:10.3390/molecules23040827 pmid:29617312 fatcat:5fwuh5iukfgtnekiwva2jpycea