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and Purpose-A recent report has demonstrated that the contralesional primary motor cortex (M1) inhibited the ipsilesional M1 via an abnormal transcallosal inhibition (TCI) in stroke patients. We studied whether a decreased excitability of the contralesional M1 induced by 1 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) caused an improved motor performance of the affected hand in stroke patients by releasing the TCI. Methods-We conducted a double-blind study of real versus sham rTMS indoi:10.1161/01.str.0000189658.51972.34 pmid:16254224 fatcat:4gvjtkki35cdlltosvg4z6b6ti