Intensive Care Unit Nurses' Performance Regarding Caring Patients With Head Injury: An Educational Intervention
International Journal of Studies in Nursing
Head injury (HI) is one of the major causes of disability, death and health related costs. The primary goal of nursing management in head injury is to maintain adequate cerebral tissue perfusion. This study aimed to evaluate the intensive care unit nurses' performance regarding caring patients with head injury: Setting at Zagazig University Hospitals. Material and methods: a quasi-experimental (pre/post and follow up-test design) research design was utilized. A convenient sample of (45) nurses
... ple of (45) nurses who provide direct care for head injury patients in neurological and stroke Intensive care Unit. Data was obtained using two main tools; head injury care knowledge assessment questionnaire with the socio-demographic data sheet, and head injury care practice observational checklists. The instructional intervention was designed based on an extensive revision of the related, recent literature. The intervention was delivered throughout ten weeks. Each week involved three sessions. Every session lasts about forty to sixty minutes. Nurses were divided into 9 groups, 5 nurses each. Results revealed that the mean knowledge and practice scores of nurses are increased immediately after implementation of the program with a significant statistical difference. This increased level slightly decreased following two months of program implementation. In addition, a positive correlation was found between knowledge and practice scores of the study subjects. Therefore, the two stated research hypothesis were supported. Conclusion educational intervention has a positive effect in developing critical care nursing performance regarding caring patient with head injury.