circFAM73A Promotes Cancer Stem Cell-like Properties of Gastric Cancer Through miR-490-3p/HMGA2 Positive Feedback and HNRNPK-mediated β-catenin Stabilization
Background: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have emerged as a new subclass of regulatory RNAs that exert critical roles in various cancers. Cancer stem cells (CSCs), a small subset of cancer cells, are believed to possess the capacities to initiate tumorigenesis and promote progression. Although accumulating evidences have suggested that cells with CSC-like properties are crucial for the malignance process of gastric cancer (GC), it remains inexplicit whether circRNAs are interrelated with the
... ed with the acquisition of CSC-like properties in GC.Methods: circFAM73A expression was analyzed by GEO datasets and verified in GC samples. The role of circFAM73A on GC cell proliferation, migration, cisplatin resistance and CSC-like properties were determined by a series of functional experiment both in vitro and in vivo. RNA pull down was used to explore the miRNAs and proteins binding to circFAM73A. Bioinformatic analysis and experimental verification confirmed the downstream of circFAM73A. The regulation of HMGA2 on circFAM73A was verified by ChIP and RIP assays.Results: Elevated circFAM73A expression was confirmed in GC tissues and higher circFAM73A predicts poor prognosis of GC patients. The upregulation of circFAM73A enhanced CSC-like properties in GC, thus, exerting the facilitating role on cell proliferation, migration and cisplatin resistance. Mechanistically, circFAM73A promoted GC malignancy by regulating miR-490-3p/HMGA2 in a positive feedback loop and recruiting HNRNPK to facilitate β-catenin stabilization. Moreover, HMGA2 further enhanced E2F1 and HNRNPL activity, which in turn promotes circFAM73A expression.Conclusions: Our work demonstrates the crucial role of circFAM73A on GC CSC-like properties and uncovers a positive feedback loop on circFAM73A regulation that leads to the progression of gastric cancer, which may provide a new insight for circRNA-based diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.