Drying Techniques of Selected Flowers - A Review

Reema Raval
2020 International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology  
Drying is a mass transfer process consisting of the removal of water or another solvent by evaporation from a solid, semi-solid or liquid. There different types of method for drying like Air drying, Sun drying, Press drying, Oven drying, Microwave drying, Embedded drying, Glycerine drying, Freeze drying. The flower of rosa has 5 petals. Flowers are usually white or pink but in a few species are yellow or red. Seeds are hairy and produced in a fleshy pericarp called a rose hip. Gerbera flower
more » ... . Gerbera flower possesses three different types of flowers, an outer ring of ray florets, a middle ring of trans florets, an inner ring of disk florets. The both ray and disc flowers are packed tightly into a flower head is called as capitulum. From the dried flowers different products are made like floral jewellery, pot pourri, candle making, press dried flower products, petal embedded handmade paper, etc. This dried flowers are also used in industry. For rose embedded drying technique is best in which flower shape, colour, size are maintained and for gerbera press drying and microwave drying techniques are best in which shape, size, colour are maintained.
doi:10.22214/ijraset.2020.6261 fatcat:ec3pibl2fjcw7equggsjequsqe