Global impacts of tropospheric halogens (Cl, Br, I) on oxidants and composition in GEOS-Chem

Tomás Sherwen, Johan A. Schmidt, Mat J. Evans, Lucy J. Carpenter, Katja Großmann, Sebastian D. Eastham, Daniel J. Jacob, Barbara Dix, Theodore K. Koenig, Roman Sinreich, Ivan Ortega, Rainer Volkamer (+4 others)
2016 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics  
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> We present a simulation of the global present-day composition of the troposphere which includes the chemistry of halogens (Cl, Br, I). Building on previous work within the GEOS-Chem model we include emissions of inorganic iodine from the oceans, anthropogenic and biogenic sources of halogenated gases, gas phase chemistry, and a parameterised approach to heterogeneous halogen chemistry. Consistent with Schmidt et al. (2016) we do not include sea-salt debromination.
more » ... alt debromination. Observations of halogen radicals (BrO, IO) are sparse but the model has some skill in reproducing these. Modelled IO shows both high and low biases when compared to different datasets, but BrO concentrations appear to be modelled low. Comparisons to the very sparse observations dataset of reactive Cl species suggest the model represents a lower limit of the impacts of these species, likely due to underestimates in emissions and therefore burdens. Inclusion of Cl, Br, and I results in a general improvement in simulation of ozone (O<sub>3</sub>) concentrations, except in polar regions where the model now underestimates O<sub>3</sub> concentrations. Halogen chemistry reduces the global tropospheric O<sub>3</sub> burden by 18.6<span class="thinspace"></span>%, with the O<sub>3</sub> lifetime reducing from 26 to 22 days. Global mean OH concentrations of 1.28<span class="thinspace"></span> × <span class="thinspace"></span>10<sup>6</sup><span class="thinspace"></span>molecules<span class="thinspace"></span>cm<sup>−3</sup> are 8.2<span class="thinspace"></span>% lower than in a simulation without halogens, leading to an increase in the CH<sub>4</sub> lifetime (10.8<span class="thinspace"></span>%) due to OH oxidation from 7.47 to 8.28 years. Oxidation of CH<sub>4</sub> by Cl is small (∼ <span class="thinspace"></span>2<span class="thinspace"></span>%) but Cl oxidation of other VOCs (ethane, acetone, and propane) can be significant (∼ <span class="thinspace"></span>15–27<span class="thinspace"></span>%). Oxidation of VOCs by Br is smaller, representing 3.9<span class="thinspace"></span>% of the loss of acetaldehyde and 0.9<span class="thinspace"></span>% of the loss of formaldehyde.</p>
doi:10.5194/acp-16-12239-2016 fatcat:2y7ghz6ynbfpdiyld67ydzzfiu