Context-based Machine Translation of English-Hindi using CE-Encoder

Mani Bansal, D. K. Lobiyal
2021 Journal of Computer Science  
The difficulty in obtaining accurate word alignment and determining a target word that is the best candidate for a source context in machine translation leads to different translations. In this study, we propose a method with a more accurate context model. Our Neural Machine Translation (NMT) approach focuses on the encoder to apprehend the meaning of source sentences for improved translation. The recurrent encoder works by taking into consideration the history and future information of the
more » ... ce context. In this study, we implement the proposed approach into three steps. Firstly, we learn the representation of future context in advance. Secondly, a context-based recurrent encoder called as CE-Encoder with two-level Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU) is used. In this, the bottom-level GRU gathers history data of a sentence and top-level GRU assembles future data information. Finally, the future learned context and the history information from the opposite direction is integrated. The distinguishing factor of the proposed framework from the existing models, specifically Bidirectional Recurrent Neural Network (BiRNN) is that, the current models have not spent substantial time and capacity in learning future context or disambiguating source and target words based on the context which is defined by source sentence. We conduct experiments on the datasets from ILCC and CFILT for the English-Hindi language pair. From the comparative evaluation, we observed that the proposed model outperforms the Bidirectional RNN encoder in terms of translation quality. The proposed model has shown the improvement of 7 Bleu points using the ILCC dataset and 9 points using the CFILT dataset over BiRNN.
doi:10.3844/jcssp.2021.825.843 fatcat:2gl4bxfg6veppcczyyblsokp5q