Experimental Investigation of Magnetic Particle Movement in Two-Phase Vertical Flow under an External Magnetic Field Using 2D LIF-PIV
In this study, we experimentally investigated magnetic particle movement in two-phase flow under an external magnetic field. According to Faraday's law, the alignment of a magnet is important for power generation. For high generation, it is important to understand how magnetic particles move in two-phase flow. The rotationality could be determined by observing a single particle; however, this is impossible due to the flow conditions. In this study, we estimated nonrotationality based on the
... ty based on the vorticity. To eliminate scattered light and improve the signal-to-noise ratio, the laser-induced fluorescence particle image velocimetry technique was used. The solenoid nozzle has a hydraulic diameter of 3 mm. Its surface is covered with a coil with a diameter of 0.3 mm. The average diameter of a magnetic particle is 1.2 μm. The excitation and emission wavelengths are 532 and 612 nm, respectively. A thin laser sheet setup was configured. The laser sheet was illuminated on both sides to prevent shadows. The images were captured at 200 μm away from the wall and center of the nozzle. To estimate the decrease in vorticity, the theoretical and single-phase non-magnetic and magnetic particles are compared. The vorticity of magnetic particles is reduced by the external magnetic field.