Docetaxel enhances the therapeutic effect of the angiogenesis inhibitor TNP-470 (AGM-1470) in metastatic human transitional cell carcinoma

Keiji Inoue, Masakazu Chikazawa, Satoshi Fukata, Chiaki Yoshikawa, Taro Shuin
2003 Clinical Cancer Research  
We demonstrated recently that chronic frequent administration of an adequate biological dose of the angiogenesis inhibitor TNP-470 (AGM-1470, O-chloracetyl-carbamoyl fumagillol) completely inhibits spontaneous lymph node metastasis but does not have a complete response on tumor growth of nonestablished or established human metastatic transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) 253J B-V growing orthotopically into athymic nude mice. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated whether docetaxel (Taxotere)
more » ... el (Taxotere) enhances the therapeutic effect of TNP-470, especially on tumor growth. Docetaxel enhanced in vitro antiproliferation but not basic fibroblast growth factor down-regulation by TNP-470 in 253J B-V and human umbilical vascular endothelial cells. Docetaxel significantly enhanced in vitro apoptosis by TNP-470 in human umbilical vascular endothelial cells but not in 253J B-V. In vivo combination was most effective when docetaxel was administered before TNP-470, and increased significantly the complete response on tumor growth of nonestablished and established TCCs growing orthotopically into athymic nude mice compared with either therapy alone (P < 0.05). The incidence of spontaneous lymph node metastasis was inhibited completely by the combination therapy (P < 0.05). Drug-induced body weight loss was not significantly different in any treatment groups. The combination of TNP-470 and docetaxel inhibited intratumor neovascularization, the expression of bFGF and matrix metalloproteinases type-9 compared with controls (P < 0.005), and enhanced apoptosis in tumors compared with each therapy alone (P < 0.005). These studies indicate that docetaxel markedly enhances the ability of TNP-470 to inhibit tumorigenicity and metastasis in both nonestablished and established TCCs. These effects are mediated, in part, by the complementary cytotoxicities of angiogenesis inhibition, down-regulation of bFGF and matrix metalloproteinases type-9, and induction of apoptosis.
pmid:12576464 fatcat:muagxicu2rb6pjd77ojlmgznii