Possible involvement of 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal in the pathogenesis of leptin resistance in obesity

Toru Hosoi, Ayaka Kuwamura, Mina Thon, Kyoji Tsuchio, Amer Ali Abd El-Hafeez, Koichiro Ozawa
2019 American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology  
Insensitivity to the antiobesity hormone, leptin, has been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of obesity. However, the pathological mechanisms underlying the development of leptin resistance are not well-understood. This study aimed to examine the pathological mechanisms of leptin resistance in obesity. In the present study, we found that 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE), an aldehyde, may be involved in the development of leptin resistance. The SH-SY5Y-Ob-Rb human neuroblastoma cell line,
more » ... ransfected to express the Ob-Rb leptin receptor stably, was treated with 4-HNE, and leptin-induced signal transduction was analyzed. We found that 4-HNE dose- and time-dependently inhibited leptin-induced signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) phosphorylation, a major antiobesity signal of leptin. On the other hand, 4-HNE did not affect tyrosine phosphorylation of broad cellular proteins, suggesting that the inhibitory effect may be selective to leptin signaling. Mechanistically, 4-HNE induced the eukaryotic initiation factor 2α-CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein arm of endoplasmic reticulum stress signaling, which may be involved in the pathogenesis of leptin resistance. Overall, these results suggest that 4-HNE may partly affect endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced unfolded protein response signaling and may be involved in the pathogenesis of leptin resistance.
doi:10.1152/ajpcell.00080.2018 pmid:30789753 fatcat:hn4rv674nbakba6dll6d22mjhi