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The Internet of things (IoT) can be used in our daily life. Home area network (HAN) is one of the applications of loT. However, deploying HAN for underdeveloped countries in Africa is not easy due to the lack of Internet connectivity and stable electricity. First of all, Internet in Africa is growing fast but the majority of countries in Africa have Internet penetration of less than 10%. Furthermore, the problem of accessing electricity varies greatly across African countries, which is stilldoi:10.4236/jcc.2020.81004 fatcat:f3uxmauwpretlnjrzxakddsunu