URBAN ENVIRONMENT USE BY SPECKLED (COLUMBA GUINEA) AND FERAL (COLUMBA LIVIA) PIGEONS ON THE UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA'S MUCKLENEUK CAMPUS

E. HARRIS
2016 Applied Ecology and Environmental Research  
A study on a population of speckled Columba guinea and feral Columba livia pigeons on the University of South Africa's (UNISA) Muckleneuk campus was conducted from March 2013 to February 2014. Morning and evening counts, once a week, were conducted by an observer who also noted the presence of breeding activity and the use of ledges in relation to aspect and levels of buildings. The pigeon population index fluctuated seasonally. Breeding occurred throughout the year, with notable peaks and
more » ... able peaks and declines relating to physiological and population dynamics. Opportunistic use of the crop availability was made during optimal production periods, while conserving energy when not favourable. Site selection in relation to building aspect indicated significant differences in all the seasons except for winter, while a positive significant relationship between level height and pigeon numbers was recorded. Knowledge of pigeon ecology and their use of urban landscapes contribute to further understanding wildlife management.
doi:10.15666/aeer/1404_399419 fatcat:f4metc7a4bh3hp3yvwjr6rttbq