Representing nonspeech audio signals through speech classification models

Huy Phan, Lars Hertel, Marco Maass, Radoslaw Mazur, Alfred Mertins
2015 Interspeech 2015   unpublished
The human auditory system is very well matched to both human speech and environmental sounds. Therefore, the question arises whether human speech material may provide useful information for training systems for analyzing nonspeech audio signals, such as in a recognition task. To find out how similar nonspeech signals are to speech, we measure the closeness between target nonspeech signals and different basis speech categories via a speech classification model. The speech similarities are
more » ... employed as a descriptor to represent the target signal. We further show that a better descriptor can be obtained by learning to organize the speech categories hierarchically with a tree structure. We conduct experiments for the audio event analysis application by using speech words from the TIMIT dataset to learn the descriptors for the audio events of the Freiburg-106 dataset. Our results on the event recognition task outperform those achieved by the best system even though a simple linear classifier is used. Furthermore, integrating the learned descriptors as an additional source leads to improved performance.
doi:10.21437/interspeech.2015-682 fatcat:j3zbz4nczrbjrecx3gk3twwgmq