Variability of Lip Print Pattern in Relation to Gender Among Two Ethnic Groups of Haryana

Prabhjot Kaur, Harsh, Rasalika, Subhash Kaushal, Ashsish Sharma
2016 International Journal of Anatomy Radiology and Surgery  
Lip prints don't change during the life of a person and are unique. Lip prints are the characteristic patterns of the fissures (sulci labiorum) in the form of elevations and depressions on the labial mucosa and characterises the human being the same as finger prints. Variations in lip print patterns could help in sex determination. Aim: The present study was initiated with the aim to develop a baseline data for cheiloscopy, to investigate the variability of lip prints in relation to gender in
more » ... tion to gender in two different ethnic groups of Haryana and also establishes the usefulness of lip print patterns in identification of a person. Materials and Methods: The study consisted of 40 families belonging to Haryanvi Baniyas and 40 families belonging to Haryanvi Jats. Out of the total subjects studied, 88 mlaes and 76 females belonged to Haryanavi Baniyas and 84 males and 81 females were from Haryanavi Jats. Study material used were transparent cellophane tape glued on one side (24 mm), Black powder (computer printer powder of Oddyessy ), White paper, Digital camera (Sony, 12 mega pixels), Magnifying lens. The lip prints were analysed by using Adobe Photoshop@7.0 software after dividing each lip print into 8 compartments. Results: Lip print analysis showed that the most predominant lip pattern in the entire study population was type IV was found to be maximum. However, separately in each endogamous group, incidence of type IV was found to be maximum in population of Haryanvi Baniyas whereas, in Haryanvi Jats, the incidence of lip prints was maximum of type II.Lip print pattern in upper lip in haryanavi baniyas is type IV in males, type II in females and in lower lip is type IV both in males and females. In case of harayanavi jats in upper lip it is type II in both males and females while in lower lip it is type IV in males and type II in females. Conclusion: The lip print patterns are similar to some extent between males and females of the same ethnic group but varied between different ethnic groups. They serve suppleme [...]
doi:10.7860/ijars/2016/19780:2147 doaj:67798cdab9994d5ebc9dae8f88c75184 fatcat:6p6sy3q6lvenrjqberikpllkzy