Identification of a novel and heterozygous LMF1 nonsense mutation in an acute pancreatitis patient with severe hypertriglyceridemia, severe obesity and heavy smoking

Wei-Wei Chen, Qi Yang, Xiao-Yao Li, Xiao-Lei Shi, Na Pu, Guo-Tao Lu, Zhi-Hui Tong, Jian-Min Chen, Wei-Qin Li
2019 Lipids in Health and Disease  
Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is one of the most common etiologies of acute pancreatitis (AP). Variants in five genes involved in the regulation of plasma lipid metabolism, namely LPL, APOA5, APOC2, GPIHBP1 and LMF1, have been frequently reported to cause or predispose to HTG. Methods: A Han Chinese patient with HTG-induced AP was assessed for genetic variants by Sanger sequencing of the entire coding and flanking sequences of the above five genes. Results: The patient was a 32-year-old man with
more » ... vere obesity (Body Mass Index = 35) and heavy smoking (ten cigarettes per day for more than ten years). At the onset of AP, his serum triglyceride concentration was elevated to 1450.52 mg/dL. We sequenced the entire coding and flanking sequences of the LPL, APOC2, APOA5, GBIHBP1 and LMF1 genes in the patient. We found no putative deleterious variants, with the exception of a novel and heterozygous nonsense variant, c.1024C > T (p.Arg342*; rs776584760), in exon 7 of the LMF1 gene. Conclusions: This is the first time that a heterozygous LMF1 nonsense variant was found in a HTG-AP patient with severe obesity and heavy smoking, highlighting an important interplay between genetic and lifestyle factors in the etiology of HTG.
doi:10.1186/s12944-019-1012-9 fatcat:wmijyhx3f5ftljgr2wmfa7o7nu