Study of Clinical profile and Antibiotic susceptibility of Urinary Tract Infection in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common infectious disease for which Treatment is often started empirically. The etiology and the antimicrobial susceptibility for UTI have been changing over the years. Objective: To know about the clinical and microbiological profile of urinary tract infection among patients admitted in Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital. Methodology: We conducted a cross sectional study among patients who were diagnosed as UTI based on urine
... I based on urine culture. The commonest organism and their antibiotic susceptibility was studied. Ultrasonography (USG) abdomen and pelvis was done to find out any structural abnormalities and complications. Results: Out of the 40 patients studied, fever(85%) was the most common presenting symptom and Escherichia coli(57.50%) was the most common organism isolated followed by Klebsiella (15%). The most sensitive antibiotic was meropenem (75%) and the most resistant antibiotic was cefazolin(87.50%). These results were found to be statistically significant. Conclusion: A higher percentage of resistant organisms against the commonly used antibiotics alarm about the indiscriminate use of antibiotics. Hence empirical antibiotic selection should be based on the knowledge of local prevalence of bacterial organisms and their antibiotic sensitivity to avoid the development of resistance.