Integration of Fire Protection Systems Based on the Digital Automatic Model

K.M. Volkova, State Fire Academy of EMERCOM of Russia
<span title="">2020</span> <i title="FSAEIHE South Ural State University (National Research University)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/mhpfaoqud5e55jfhqmhoagymiq" style="color: black;">Bulletin of the South Ural State University Ser Computer Technologies Automatic Control &amp; Radioelectronics</a> </i> &nbsp;
Вестник ЮУрГУ. Серия «Компьютерные технологии, управление, радиоэлектроника». 2020. Т. 20, № 3. С. 39-46 The oil refining industry plays an important role in the country's economy and at the same time carries a danger as a source of fire and man-made accidents. The development of oil refineries increases the number and scale of fires and accidents, which cause damage both to the objects itself and to the surrounding buildings and structures, lives and health of people, environment. That is why
more &raquo; ... ncreasing the level of fire protection systems at refineries remains one of the most important components of ensuring the protection of the population from anthropogenic threats [1]. Accidents and fires at oil refineries (Refineries) are difficult conditions with a rapid spread of fire to nearby areas and vehicles, which most often turn into a catastrophe whose material damage is huge. Refinery fires can be significant because of the large volume of flammable and combustible liquids stored in the territory [1]. Refinery accident and fire analysis According to the data, the number of fires and explosions at the refinery over the last 5 years has been analyzed. The analysis results show that the annual number of fires ranges from 30 to 50. According to the analysis for 2015-2019, there were 186 fires (Fig. 1) . Refinery fires cause great material damage as expensive equipment, raw materials and communications cannot be restored. Fig. 2 shows that the average material damage from one fire is more than 1 million rubles, this value is much higher than the average damage from the total number of fires. Whereas, larger fires at refineries cause several times more damage. The average damage is the expected damage, i.e. more likely, and the maximum damage is the damage in the worst-case scenario. This large difference between the expected damage and the maximum damage makes it possible to conclude that refinery fire protection needs to be improved by integrating fire protection systems. In order to effectively address the issue of integrating fire protection systems in refineries, it is necessary to understand the causes of fire. During the analysis the main interconnected groups of fire causes have been formed (Fig. 3) .
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