Crocetin Induces Cytotoxicity in Colon Cancer Cells Via p53-independent Mechanisms

Cai-Yan Li, Wen-Feng Huang, Qun-Li Wang, Fan Wang, E. Cai, Bing Hu, Jia-Cheng Du, Jing Wang, Rong Chen, Xiao-Jing Cai, Jing Feng, Hui-Hui Li
2012 Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention  
Objective: Crocin has been proposed as a promising candidate for cancer chemoprevention. The purpose of this investigation was to investigate the chemopreventive action and the possible mechanisms of crocin against human colon cancer cells in vitro. Methods: Cell proliferation was examined using MTT assay and the cell cycle distribution fractions were analyzed using fow cytometric analysis after propidium iodide staining. Apoptosis was detected using theTUNEL Apoptosis Detection Kit with laser
more » ... ion Kit with laser scanning confocal microscope. DNA damage was assessed using the alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis assay, while expression levels of p53, cdk2, cyclinA and P21 were examined by Western blot analysis. Results: Treatment of SW480 cells with crocetin (0.2, 0.4, 0.8 mmol/L) for 48 h signifcantly inhibited their proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner. Crocetin (0.8 mmol/L) signifcantly induced cell cycle arrest through p53-independent mechanisms accompanied by P21 induction. Crocetin (0.8 mmol/L) caused cytotoxicity in the SW480 cells by enhancing apoptosis and decreasing DNA repair capacity in a time-dependent manner. Conclusions: This report provides evidence that crocetin is a potential anticancer agent, which may be used as a chemotherapeutic drug.
doi:10.7314/apjcp.2012.13.8.3757 fatcat:nnpuasaiizepdi5cxxrlaxnene