CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF BLENDED WING BODY BUSINESS JET AIRCRAFT
Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport
Blended Wing Body concept offers several advantages compared to traditional aircraft tube and wing concept. The advantages mainly come from the distributed aerodynamic and structural loads, which leads to better aerodynamic performance as well as lighter structural weight. Most of the existing studies were focused on big transport aircraft carrying 400 to 800 passenger. In this study, a conceptual design of a business jet aircraft applying blended wing body concept is carried out. The market
... out. The market forecast for this category of aircraft can reach up to 24000 aircraft in the next 20 years. The possibility of having larger cross section is one of the competitive advantages, notably in a long-range flight. The requirement stated was to fly a trans-atlantic flight and carrying up to 18 passengers. It has to have a low floor height permitting easy passenger access. The design process consists of initial weight estimation, initial sizing, and preliminary aerodynamics, weight and balance and performance analysis. Some design consideration specially related with Blended Wing Body concept will be discussed, i.e. take-off and landing aerodynamics, structural concept, stability and control. The final design resulted in twin-engine aircraft, a Maximum Take-off Weight of 44 ton, cabin floor area of 6.9 x 10 m, winglet and split rudder for directional stability and control, and elevons for longitudinal and lateral control.