On the moments of the sampling distribution of particle swarm optimisers

Riccardo Poli
2007 Proceedings of the 2007 GECCO conference companion on Genetic and evolutionary computation - GECCO '07  
A method is presented that allows one to exactly determine all the characteristics of a PSO's sampling distribution and explain how it changes over time, in the presence stochasticity. The only assumption made is stagnation (particles are in search for a better personal best).
doi:10.1145/1274000.1274075 dblp:conf/gecco/Poli07 fatcat:fbgi6duxzfbktpvccol5udg5xq