РОЛЬ ВИЗУАЛЬНЫХ МАТЕРИАЛОВ В ПРЕПОДАВАНИИ ИСТОРИИ СРЕДНИХ ВЕКОВ В ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКОМ ВУЗЕ

Oleg Mukhin
2020 Naučno-Pedagogičeskoe Obozrenie  
Рассматривается методический потенциал использования визуальных материалов в процессе изучения истории студентами вуза на основе авторского опыта преподавания истории Средних веков. Предлагается типология визуальных материалов, в рамках которой выявляются особенности привлечения различных типов визуальных материалов в свете целей и результатов их использования. Характеризуются плюсы привлечения визуальных материалов, а также ставится вопрос о необходимости методического обоснования его объема в
more » ... ования его объема в рамках конкретного занятия. Обосновывается особая роль визуальных материалов в работе со студентами исторических факультетов педагогических вузов.The article deals with the problem of the methodological potential of using visual materials in the process of studying history by university students. Reasoning based on the author's experience in teaching the history of the Middle Ages. Suggests a typology of visual materials, including "synchronous" historical sources (images, created during the study period or depicting monuments of a given period), "asynchronous" historical sources (visual materials, created within the framework of the studied historical epoch, but much later than the events or characters, depicted with their help), reconstruction (images, created for cognitive purposes and reproducing the features of historical reality in accordance with existing scientific knowledge) and "memorials" (monuments (and their images), dedicated to historical figures and events of the studied era, created outside it). The features of attracting these types of visual materials in the light of the goals and results of their use are revealed. The equivalence of the indicated types of visual materials in terms of the methodological effectiveness of their application is emphasized. The advantages of attracting visual materials are characterized, as well as the question is asked of the need for a methodical justification of its volume within a specific lesson. he article substantiated the special role of visual materials in work with students of historical faculties of pedagogical universities.
doi:10.23951/2307-6127-2020-2-23-29 fatcat:zokziezicngtbml3dyt7m2mc44