Study on Awareness and Assessment of Diabetic Retinopathy in Diabetic Patients Attending Ophthalmology Clinic at a Tertiary Care Hospital, Telangana State
International Journal of Contemporary Medical Research [IJCMR]
According to WHO with increasing number in diabetic population in India, more patients are going to report with ocular Complications. Early diagnosis and management can prevent blindness due to end stage diabetic retinopathy. This study was conducted to assess the knowledge and estimate the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among the study subjects who are previously diagnosed with diabetes. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional observational study conducted in hospital from June 2019 to
... mber 2019. 108 previously diagnosed diabetic patients who attended the ophthalmology clinic were selected. Detailed history of study participants was collected by administering questionnaire, the questionnaire was assessed and responses are analysed as poor, average and good for knowledge on diabetic retinopathy and additional information regarding associated factors, presence of family history, hypertension, addictions like smoking followed by estimation of glycaemic index by checking HbA1C levels and ophthalmological examination for diabetic retinopathy which was carried out by ophthalmologists.As per the findings of fundus diabetic retinopathy is graded according to ETDRS classification. Results: 108 diabetic patients are included in this study out of which mean age of males and females were 45.61 ± 14.21years and 49.68 ± 17.16 years. Among the 108 diabetic patients the knowledge on diabetic retinopathy is good in only 43 (39.81%).65 (60.19%) suffering with different severity of retinopathy. Of the 65 patients who had signs of diabetic retinopathy there is statistical association with age of the patients, positive family history of diabetes, poor glycaemic control, duration of diabetes, associated hypertension and smoking. Conclusion: Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy is 60.9% in the study population with significant association between risk factors. This study suggests there is immediate need of creating awareness among the community along with early diagnosis and treatment to prevent avoidable blindness caused by retinopathy.