Effect of Potent P2Y12 Inhibitors on Ventricular Arrhythmias and Cardiac Dysfunction in Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
BioMed Research International
Background. Previous studies have shown that P2Y12 receptor inhibitors might prevent ventricular arrhythmias and cardiac dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease. However, few studies have focused on comparison of the efficacy of novel oral potent P2Y12 receptor inhibitors with clopidogrel on these outcomes. Methods and Results. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that were published in electronic databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE,
... MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials, and ClinicalTrials.gov before June 20, 2018. We compared the effect of prasugrel and ticagrelor with clopidogrel on outcomes of ventricular tachycardia (VT), ventricular fibrillation (VF), heart failure (HF), and cardiogenic shock (CS). Data were combined using both the fixed-effects models and the random-effects models, and the heterogeneity was assessed with the I2 statistic. Nine RCTs (6 with prasugrel and 3 with ticagrelor) with 45,227 patients were included. Patients receiving prasugrel were associated with a lower risk of combined VT and VF (rate ratio [RR]: 0.72, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 95% CI: 0.52-0.99, p=0.043), as well as combined HF and CS (RR: 0.81, 95% CI: 0.70-0.94, p=0.005), compared with clopidogrel. Patients receiving ticagrelor were also associated with a reduced risk of VT and VF (RR: 0.85, 95% CI: 0.72-1.02, p=0.077), although without statistical significance, but not of HF and CS (RR: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.81-1.13, p=0.620). Conclusions. This meta-analysis of RCTs shows that, compared with clopidogrel, novel oral P2Y12 inhibitors, especially prasugrel, might have better effect on improving ventricular rhythm and cardiac function.