Results of Surveys Relating to the Present Situation and Future Development of the Informatization of School Education
Educational technology research
Two questionnaire surveys were conclucted in order to: <u) clarify the current situation with regurd to the informatization of' education, which the Japanese government htts been promoting, and (b) identify elements that promote the intbrmatization of education and elements that impede it. Questionnaire surveys ot' 5,OOO elementary ]ower secondary und upper secondar"i schools were eonducted in Februar}r 2004 and December 2005. Responses were received li'om a tota] oi' 8,190 classroom teachers
... lassroom teachers and a tota] ot' 4,731 executjve teachers such ns sehoo] prjncipals. By comparison of the results of these two surveys it was showed that IT use by classroom teachers in schools hus in t'act been prumoted. Threugh the sun,eys of executive teachers, it was a]so identified eiements that serve to promote intbrmatizatic)n and elemenls that tend to impede it. In addition, by means ot' thctor tinulysis of tinswers Felating to eiements impeding informatization, five factors were extraeted and showed that the prox,ision ofenx,ironments and conditjons conducjve to IT use, and improvement in the ubi]ity of' teaehers to provide guidance in IT use, are import ant. Ke.y ",outS : Informatizatjon ot' school educatien, }T education; teacher training; ability of classroom teachers to provide guidttnce jn IT use; use of IT 1. INTRODUCT]ON The intbrmatjzation of school edueation is currently being promoted. However, the targets set for the end of the year 2005 relating to the prevision of computers in schools, the installation of local area networks (LAN) in schbols, and the ability of classroom teachers to teach IT use have not been met (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology [MEXT], 2005). Jn addition, future policy on the promotien of informatization was revealed when a new IT reform strategy setting out objectives fbr the next time-period was pub]jshed by the Japanese government in january 2006. (IT Strategic Headquarters [Strategic Headquarters for the Promotion of an Advanced Information nnd Telecommunications Network Society], 2006) In this context, survey results on the current state of the informatization of school education as of the end of March each year are pub]ished by MEXT (MEXT 2006). These surveys, however, have focused on the situation with regard to such matters a$ provision of hardware and software and fhctual information about teachers' use of IT, and have been eonducted sehool by school. Furthermore, questions about the sl'tuation of classroom teachers have all been addressed to the sehools, So in spite efthe fact that there is a need to understand and analyze the situation with regard to classroom teachers and executive reachers, no sunTey of the teachers themselves has been conducted at a national leve]. It is also necessary, because ofthe remarkable development of infbrmatization, to discover the extent to which change takes place year by year, but one has not been able to find anv survevs of classroom teachers and executive teachers that examine conditions over a given period oftime.