Simple pyridyl-salicylimine-based fluorescence "turn-on" sensors for distinct detections of Zn2+, Al3+ and OH− ions in mixed aqueous media
Simple pyridyl-salicylimine derivatives (F1, F2 and F3) are reported for the first time as fluorescence "turnon" sensors for distinct detections of Zn 2+ , Al 3+ and OH À ions in mixed-aqueous media CH 3 CN/H 2 O with volume ratios of 6/4 and 3/7 (at pH ¼ 7 and 25 C) via internal charge transfer (ICT), chelation enhanced fluorescence (CHEF), and deprotonation mechanisms. F1 and F2 show diverse turn-on sensing applications to Zn 2+ , Al 3+ and OH À ions, but F3 exhibited the fluorescence turn-on
... sensing to Al 3+ and OH À ions in CH 3 CN/H 2 O (6/4; vol/vol). F1+Zn 2+ and F2+Zn 2+ complexes revealed the reversibilities and ratiometric displacements of Zn 2+ with ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA) and Al 3+ ions, respectively, in CH 3 CN/H 2 O (6/4; vol/vol). On the other hand, F1, F2 and F3 in CH 3 CN/H 2 O (3/7; vol/vol) showed sensitivities only to Al 3+ ions but negligible selectivities to OH À ions. Stoichiometry of all sensor complexes were calculated as 1 : 1 by job's plots based on UV/Vis and PL titrations. The complex formation and binding sites of all sensor materials were well characterized by 1 H, 13 C NMR, and mass (FAB) spectral analysis. Detection limits were calculated from standard deviations and linear fitting calculations. The association constant (log K a ) values of sensor complexes were evaluated from the fluorescence binding isotherms. The fluorescence decay constant (s) values were estimated from time resolved fluorescence studies. Time, temperature, pH and solvent concentration effects towards sensor responses were fully investigated in this report.