Metal oxide and bimetallic nanoparticles in ionic liquids: synthesis and application in multiphase catalysis

Martin H.G. Prechtl, Paul S. Campbell
2013 Nanotechnology Reviews  
Ionic liquids (ILs) are well established as solvents and stabilizing agents for the synthesis of metallic nanoparticles (NPs) in general. The physicochemical properties of ILs and the supramolecular organization in the liquid state are capable of directing the growth of transition metal NPs generated in situ and to subsequently protect and stabilize them. Until now, many different NPs have been successfully synthesized within these media; however, the synthesis of metal oxide and bimetallic
more » ... and bimetallic alloy or core-shell NPs in ILs is still relatively rare. Herein, we summarize the current state-of-the-art of the synthetic methods for these materials and their application in the broad field of catalysis, including multiphase systems, hydrogenation, dehydrogenation, functionalization, as well as defunctionalization reactions.
doi:10.1515/ntrev-2013-0019 fatcat:bewa5e2ua5amzicsforw44vdym