Experimental infection with Neospora caninum in pregnant bitches

Guacyara Tenorio Cavalcante, Rodrigo Martins Soares, Sandra Mayumi Nishi, Stéfano Carlo Filippo Hagen, Camila Infantoni Vannucchi, Paulo Cesar Maiorka, Anaiá Sevá Paixão, Solange Maria Gennari
2012 Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária  
In this study, transplacental transmission of Neospora caninum in bitches at different stages of pregnancy was evaluated. Three bitches were inoculated in the 3rd week and three in the 6th week of gestation with 10(8) tachyzoites of N. caninum (Nc-1 strain). All the infected bitches and at least one of their offspring presented anti-N. caninum antibodies according to the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT > 400). The pups and their mothers were sacrificed and tissues from the central
more » ... us system (CNS), popliteal lymph nodes, skeletal muscle, brain, lungs, heart and liver were analyzed for the presence of N. caninum using the nested polymerase chain reaction (nested PCR), restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). The parasite was found in the pups in lymph node, CNS, heart and liver tissues using nested PCR. There was no difference in perinatal mortality between the offspring from bitches infected in the 3rd week of gestation (60%) and in the 6th week (53.8%).
doi:10.1590/s1984-29612012000300010 pmid:23070432 fatcat:qzmw5zew55eeln7y7mgoscoo2u