A Novel Selective 11β-HSD1 Inhibitor, (E)-4-(2-(6-(2,6-Dichloro-4-(Trifluoromethyl)Phenyl)-4-Methyl-1,1-Dioxido-1,2,6-Thiadiazinan-2-yl)Acetamido)Adamantan-1-Carboxamide (KR-67607), Prevents BAC-Induced Dry Eye Syndrome
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Dry eye syndrome is the most common eye disease and it is caused by various reasons. As the balance of the tear film that protects the eyes is broken due to various causes, it becomes impossible to properly protect the eyes. In this study, the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of topical (E)-4-(2-(6-(2,6-dichloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-4-methyl-1,1-dioxido-1,2,6-thiadiazinan-2-yl)acetamido)adamantan-1-carboxamide (KR-67607), a novel selective 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1
... dehydrogenase 1 (11β-HSD1) inhibitor, were investigated in benzalkonium chloride (BAC)-induced dry eye syndrome. BAC-treated rat eyes induced significant increases in ocular surface damage, decreased corneal thickness, corneal basement membrane destruction in the conjunctival epithelium, and expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α and 11β-HSD1. These effects of BAC were reversed by topical KR-67607 treatment. Furthermore, KR-67607 decreased 4-hydroxynonenal expression and increased antioxidant and mucus secretion in BAC-treated rat eyes. Taken together, a novel selective 11β-HSD1 inhibitor can prevent BAC-induced dry eye syndrome by inhibiting pro-inflammatory cytokine and reactive oxygen species expression via the inhibition of both 11β-HSD1 activity and expression.