Improving Perception and Confidence Toward Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Public Access Automated External Defibrillator Program: How Does Training Program Help?
In conjunction with an automated external defibrillator (AED) placement program at various locations within a public university in Malaysia, a series of structured training programs were conducted. The objectives of this study is to (1) evaluate the effectiveness of a structured training program in improving the perception of the importance of AED and CPR (2) evaluate the confidence of the employees in using an AED and performing bystander CPR (3) identify the fears and concerns of these
... rns of these employees in using AED and performing CPR (4) determine the perception of these employees towards the strategy of the AEDs placed at various locations within the university. Methods: In this single center observational study, a validated questionnaire aimed to assess the university employees' attitude and confidence in handling AED and performing CPR before (pre-test) and immediately after (post-test) the training program was conducted. Results: A total of 184 participants participated om this study. Using Wilcoxon signed-rank test, the training programs appeared to have improved the perception that "using AED is important for unresponsive victims" (z = 4.32, p<0.001) and that "AED practice drills should be performed on a regular basis" (z = -2.41, p = 0.02) as well as increased the confidence to perform CPR (z = -8.56, p<0.001), use AED (z = -8.93, p<0.001), identify victims with no signs of life (z = -7.88, p<0.001) and the willingness to perform CPR and AED without hesitancy (z = -8.91, p<0.001). Fears and concerns on performing CPR and using AED also appeared to have been significantly reduced and the perception on placement strategies of these AEDs were generally positive. Conclusion: Using the theory of planned behavior as the explanatory framework, training programs appears to be helpful in improving the perception and the confidence of the participants towards performing CPR and using AED through the promotion of positive attitude, positive societal expectation and a positive sense of empowerment. But whether this positive effect will translate into actual CPR performance and AED application in a real cardiac arrest is yet to be seen. Background As ventricular fibrillation (VF) remains the commonest initial rhythm in sudden out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) [1,2], cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation are two pivotal life-saving