Mixed RF/FSO Relaying with Outdated Channel State Information

Goran Djordjevic, Milica Petkovic, Aleksandra Cvetkovic, George Karagiannidis
2015 IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications  
We investigate the outage probability and the average bit error rate (BER) performance of a dual-hop amplify-andforward (AF) relaying system, composed of a mixed radio frequency (RF)/free-space optical (FSO) link, when simultaneously outdated channel state information (CSI) is assumed at the relay and there is a misalignment between transmitter and receiver apertures in FSO link. In contrast to the majority of works on CSI-assisted AF relays, in this paper, we assume that the estimated CSI is
more » ... tdated, when the relay amplifies the transmitted signal. The RF link experiences Rayleigh fading, while the FSO link is under the influence of atmospheric turbulence, modeled by the Gamma-Gamma distribution. Novel analytical expressions for the outage probability and the average BER are derived in a power series form, which in some special cases are simplified to offer engineering insight into the effects of important transceiver and channel parameters on the system performance. Numerical and simulation results show that there is an optimal value of the transmitter beam waist, which minimizes the overall outage probability. This optimal value strongly depends on the pointing errors standard deviation. Furthermore, the outage probability varies for several orders of magnitude depending on the transmitter beam waist.
doi:10.1109/jsac.2015.2432525 fatcat:ubaiudflurcjph5geksy4q3oei